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11 Dental Hygiene Tips for Healthy Teeth and Gums

From proper brushing to a healthy diet, these are a few of the best things you can do for optimal oral hygiene to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Follow these 11 tips to ensure you maintain amazing oral health and have healthy teeth and gums.

This post was written by Da Vinci Dentistry, a private dentist offering high-quality, affordable dentistry for everyone.

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1. Brush Twice a Day

For optimal dental health, you should brush your teeth at least twice a day for at least 2 minutes. Brush at night before bed and at least one other time during the day, such as in the morning or after meals.

2. Brush Properly

You may be brushing your teeth enough, but you also need to ensure you brush your teeth using the proper technique to make sure they are clean and free of disease and cavities.

Brush for at least 2 minutes, holding the brush at a 45-degree angle to the gumline and moving the brush in circular movements, making sure to clean all surfaces, including the front, back, and top to remove plaque and debris.

Hold the brush vertically to clean the backs of teeth and brush the tongue as plaque and bacteria can build up here too. However, don’t brush too aggressively as this can lead to erosion.

3. Use Fluoridated Toothpaste

Fluoride is a mineral that helps harden tooth enamel and reduces the risk of tooth decay. Brushing with a toothpaste that contains fluoride will help strengthen your teeth and provide a protective barrier for your teeth against decay.

4. Use Mouthwash

Using a mouthwash daily as part of your tooth-brushing routine can greatly benefit your oral health.

Mouthwash can reduce the amount of acid in the mouth, clean hard to reach areas that are missed by brushing, help remineralize the teeth, freshen breath, and prevent tooth decay.

Further, using an antibacterial mouthwash controls plaque and protects your gums against disease.

5. Floss Daily

Flossing once a day will help clean the parts of the teeth that brushing misses. Use floss or an interdental brush to clean in between teeth and remove food and debris that gets stuck.

Use a gentle back and forth and up and down motion in between the teeth, making a c-shape to wrap the floss around each tooth to remove stubborn plaque and remove bacteria.

 Also, Read – Water Flosser

6. Change Your Brush

Your toothbrush becomes worn and damaged over time and its bristles deteriorate with each use. Hence, it is important to change your toothbrush every 3-4 months to ensure your brush is in tip-top condition for an optimal clean every time.

7. Limit Acidic Food and Drink

Acidic food and drink soften tooth enamel, damaging the tooth and leading to sensitivity and cavities. Avoid acidic foods and drinks such as fruit juices and wine as these substances cause erosion and wear away the enamel.

8. Limit Sugary Food and Drink

Bacteria in plaque feed on sugar to produce acids in the mouth which erode and damage the teeth, leading to decay and cavities.

To prevent cavities, limit your intake of sugary food and drink including juice, soda, sweets, and candy. Cutting down on sugar will not only benefit your teeth but your whole body.

9. Eat Healthier 

Eating a balanced diet that contains healthy fruit and vegetables is the best diet for your teeth.

Swap sugary and acidic foods that damage your teeth for tooth-friendly foods such as nuts, fruits, cheese, vegetables, and leafy greens.

10. Drink Water

Water is the best drink you can drink for healthy teeth. Drink water rather than sugary juices and sodas. You can also drink water after every meal to wash away sticky and acidic foods that are stuck to the teeth as this will help prevent acid-producing bacteria from damaging the teeth.

11. Visit the Dentist Regularly

You should see your dentist regularly and visit for checkups at least twice a year or every 6 months. You dentist will assess the health of your teeth and can perform a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar.


Most importantly, your dentist can detect problems early and spot problems such as cavities and gum disease and determine the ideal treatment before they worsen. It’s also advisable to visit your dentist as soon as possible if you notice any pain or distress.

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