Eardrum repair is a surgical procedure which is used to fix a tear in the eardrum which is known as the tympanic membrane. The surgery can help to fix the three tiny bones present in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin membrane between your outer and middle ear which vibrates when the sound waves hit on it. Ear infections can cause damage to your eardrum which can be corrected with eardrum surgery only. If there is a damage on the eardrum this can result in hearing loss and an increased risk for infections.
Causes of Eardrum Rupture
- Middle Ear Infection: An infection present in the middle ear can result in the accumulation of the fluids. Stress from such fluids may cause the eardrum to receive ruptured.
- Barotrauma: Barotrauma is anxiety which is exerted on your eardrum when the atmosphere Pressure out and atmospheric pressure is the middle ear isn’t same. Acute, this may rupture your eardrum. Barotrauma is frequently Brought on by air pressure changes that are related to aviation.
- Loud sounds: A loud sound, from a gunshot or from the explosion, can cause a tear in your eardrum.
- Foreign object in your ear: Ear can get ruptured by small objects such as hairpin or cotton swab.
- Head Injury: Some Acute head injury, Such as a skull fracture, May cause Harm to Middle or internal ear structures that includes your eardrum.
Eardrum Repair Procedures
If the hole in your eardrum is small, the doctor will first patch the hole with the help of a gel. The procedure will take only 20 minutes and can be performed in the doctor’s office only with the help of anesthesia.
Tympanoplasty is performed in your ear when the eardrum is large or you have chronic infections. This surgery will be done in the hospital and you will be placed under anesthesia. You’ll be unconscious during this process. In this procedure, the surgeon will use a laser to remove any excess tissue which is present in your ear. A small piece of tissue will be taken from a vein and grafted into your eardrum to close the hole. The surgeon will go through your ear canal or will make a small incision behind your ear. This procedure takes around three hours.
Complications during eardrum repairs
There are some risks which are involved with this surgery. The risk can include bleeding, infection at the surgery site, allergic reactions to medications. Complications from eardrum surgery are rare but these can include:
- Incomplete healing of the eardrum
- Severe hearing loss
- Damage to your facial nerve
- Abnormal skin growth behind the eardrum
How to prepare for eardrum surgery?
You need to tell your doctor about any Supplements or Medications You’re taking. You should also let him know about any allergies you are having which include medications or anesthesia. The doctor will ask you to avoid eating drinking and eating at midnight the day before the surgery. If you need to take any medications then consume them with only a sip of water.
What happens after eardrum surgery?
After the surgery is done, the doctor will fill your ear with the help of cotton packing. The packing should be there for at least 5-7 days. The doctor will also place a bandage over your ear to protect it from the damage. The doctor will also provide you with the ear drops after the surgery. You can apply them by gently removing the packing and then putting the drops into your ear. You should also prevent water from entering your ear when in recovery. If you need to sneeze then you should do with your mouth open which will not put any pressure on your ears. After the surgery is done, your ear will feel like its paining like some liquid is present in your ear. You can also hear some sounds in your ear.
Prevention of eardrum surgery
You can follow these tips to avoid eardrum surgery.
- Get treatment for middle ear infections: You should be aware of the symptoms of the middle ear which includes earache, nasal congestion, and reduced hearing. Kids with Middle ear disease often rub their ears. You should seek an evaluation from your doctor.
- Protecting your ears during flight: You should avoid flying if you have a nasal or ear congestion. Throughout the landings or takeoffs Maintain your ear Apparent with pressure-equalizing earplugs.
- Maintaining your ears free of foreign objects: You should never try to take out Earwax with things such as a cotton swab or hairpin. These items can rupture your eardrum.